Contact Us About Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research

Welcome to the South East Asian Biodiversity Website: Herbaria
(Updated on Friday, October 17, 2003 )

Herbaria

Brunei
Cambodia
Indonesia
Laos
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Singapore
Thailand
Vietnam


Brunei
Brunei National Herbarium and Resource Conservation Centre

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Cambodia
None Available

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Indonesia
Herbarium Bogoriense

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Laos
None Available

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Malaysia
Herbarium Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Herbarium of Forest Research Institute Malaysia
The Herbarium Mohd Kassim Rejab

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Myanmar
None Available

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Philippines
Philippine National Herbarium, National Museum, Manila (PNH)
Gregorio T.Velasquez Phycological Herbarium
Forestry Herbarium
Botanical Herbarium
Mycological Herbarium

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Singapore
Herbarium of the National University of Singapore
Singapore Botanic Gardens

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Thailand
Forest Herbarium
Fungus Herbarium

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Vietnam
None Available

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BRUNEI

Name of Herbarium: Brunei National Herbarium and Resource Conservation Centre

Logo: N.A.

Address: N.A.

URL: http://www.forestry.gov.bn/review/national.htm

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: N.A.

History: The development of the National Herbarium has long been started by the Forestry Department. By 1990, there are already more than 14,000 specimens documented and accessed in temporary storage at the Brunei Forestry Centre in Sg.Liang. The room was too crowded, and there were no appropriate and adequate herbarium equipment and storage facilities. What was required was a separate building to house the herbarium, including a Biodiversity Exhibition Centre.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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INDONESIA

Name of Herbarium: Herbarium Bogoriense

Logo: N.A.

Address: Herbarium Bogoriense
Jl.Raya Juanda 22
Bogor 16122
Indonesia
Tel : (62) 251-322 035
Fax : (62) 251-325 854

URL: http://www.pppb.lipi.go.id/botadiv.htm

E-mail Address: herbogor@indo.net.id

Collections: Herbarium Bogoriense is where all taxonomic and ecological works are conducted, all herbarium specimens are disposed, and a small library is available.

History: N.A.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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MALAYSIA

Name of Herbarium: Herbarium Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia

Logo: N.A.

Address: N.A.

URL: http://www.fsh.ukm.my/fsh/herbar/ukmb.htm

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: The herbarium houses the following important collections: Bryophytes - About 3000 specimens, mostly from localities at high altitudes in Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah. Pteridophytes - About 4000 specimens mostly from Peninsular Malaysia and Sabah. UKMB houses the largest and the best collections of ferns and fern-allies in Malaysia. Flowering plants - Among the good collections by taxa include Vitaceae, Myrsinaceae, Ficus, Burmannia, Eugenia, and Annonaceae. By geographical area the herbarium has adequate collections from Taman Negara/National Park, Langkawi archipelago, Bangi Permanent Forest Reserve, various parts of Sabah. At present about 26000 specimens have been accessed. All specimen details are stored in computer using Labels3.

History: The Herbarium was established as part of the teaching facility of the Faculty of Science in 1970. Its first home was a store-room about 20 m x 20 m at Jalan Ilmu, Petaling Jaya. As it grows the function has also changed from the teaching herbarium to a teaching and research facility. Since 1982 it is located on the fourth floor occupying an area of about 259 sq. m. of the Life Science building under the administration the Department of Botany.

Person to Contact: Prof Abdul Katiff Mohamad (Honorary Curator)

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Herbarium of Forest Research Institute Malaysia

Logo: N.A.

Address: 52109 Kepong, Selangor
Malaysia
Tel : 603-6342633
Fax : 603-6367753

URL: http://161.142.143.3/hbandar/herbarium.htm

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Today, the herbarium is located on the top floor the Biology building covering two wings. The present holding is about 180,000 specimens. The herbarium has 570 type specimens in the collection.

The collection is arranged following Bentham and Hooker classification but with general modification in incorporate modern understanding of families. The Dipterocarpaceae is arranged following Symington's classification. Within each family, the species are arranged by flora region, viz. Malaya, Malay Islands, Australia, India and so forth. Within each flora region, the species are arranged alphabetically.

KEP have regular exchange programme with both local and foreign institutions. The institutions involved are Sandakan, Sabah (SAN), Kuching, Sarawak (SAR), Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, UK (K), Rijksherbarium, Leiden, the Netherlands (L), the Arnold Arboretum, USA (A), Queensland Herbarium (QRS) and Singapore Botanic Gardens (SING).

There are also exchanges with the University of Aarhus, Denmark (AAU), the Philippines National Herbarium, Philippines (PNH), the Royal Forest Department, Thailand (BKF) and Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia (BO) but on a less regular basis. The general mandate of the herbarium has been to document the woody flora of Peninsular Malaysia but recently, with the location of the National Herbarium at Kepong, the mandate has considerably widened to include all vascular plants of Malaysia.

The herbarium maintains a register system in ledgers but recently, the collection is being computerised. We have now over 50,000 accessions in our database from the collection.

Important collections in the herbarium include specimens from the families Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Burseraceae, Bambusoide, Dipterocarpaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fagaceae, Guttiferae, Lauraceae, Leguminosae, Melastomataceae, Meliaceae, Moraceae, Myristicaceae, Palmae, Rubiaceae and Sapotaceae.The herbarium also has spirit, seedling and wood collections. It is also associated with arboreta.

History: The herbarium of Forest Research Institute Malaysia began in early 1900s with the humble collection of Alfred M. Burn-Murdoch. The collection continued to grow with Burn-Murdoch's predecessors. Among some of the more prominent ones till the Second World War included G.E.S. Cubitt, F.W. Foxworthy, J.G. Watson and C.F. Symington.

These dedicated botanists and foresters contributed significantly to the development of the herbarium at Kepong. In a span of about 40 years, just before the Second World War, the collection at Kepong totalled about 43,000 specimens. These collections form the basis of some of the important publications on the timber trees of Malaya then. Amongst the more important works are Burn-Murdoch's "Trees and Timbers of the Malay Peninsula", Foxworthy's "The commercial woods of the Malay Peninsula" and "Dipterocarpaceae of the Malay Peninsula", Watson's "Mangrove forests of the Malay Peninsula", and finally, Symington's the "Foresters' manual of Dipterocarps". These contributions remain even today as classical work, which are often referred to in spite of the age of these publications.

Unfortunately, during the Second World War, looters damaged a large number to the collections. But the quick action by a local staff, particularly Mr. Aziz Budin, prevented further losses. After the war, the herbarium came under the charge of Mr. John Wyatt-Smith. The pace of collection increases and in 1949, the herbarium was rearranged following Bentham & Hooker's Genera Plantarum; this system has been retained as the basic framework of classification since then. During Wyatt-Smith's term, interest in the non-dipeterocarp families was revived with the production of a series of Manuals of Malayan Timber Trees.

In 1953, K.M. Kochummen joined the herbarium when he worked with Wyatt-Smith as his Research Assistant and subsequently Assistant Botanist. In 1960, Kochummen took charge of the hebarium, and became the first Malayan officer to take charge of the herbarium. Following the period of Malayanisation, Francis S.P. Ng joined the herbarium in 1964 as Forest Botanist. By 1965, the collection numbered 74,694 specimens.

In 1965, T.C. Whitmore was engaged under the Colombo Plan Aid to organize and produce a Tree Flora of Malaya, very much after the model, which Symington provided in the Dipterocarpaceae of the Malay Peninsula. Whitmore was with the Forest Research Institute between 1965 to 1972. During this period, there were increased collection activities to augment the existing collection for the project. This project resulted in the publication of the Tree Flora of Malaya, which Whitmore edited the first two volumes and, Francis Ng the final two volumes.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: The Herbarium Mohd Kassim Rejab

Logo: N.A.

Address: The Herbarium Mohd Kassim Rejab
Botany Department
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
43600 Bangi

URL: http://biodiversity.ukm.my/catalog/ukmb/

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: These are the latest statistics for the collection in the herbarium.
Total Species Online = 6811
Total Family Online = 266
Total Locality Online = 8754
Total Collector Online = 1234
Total Specimen Online = 27892

History: N.A.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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PHILIPINES

Name of Herbarium: Philippine National Herbarium, National Museum, Manila (PNH)

Logo: N.A.

Address: N.A.

URL: N.A.

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Benthic marine algae (seaweeds) of the Philippines comprise about 970 species or infraspecific taxa, of which about 80 have Philippines type localities (Silva et al. 1987).

The algal collections consist of about 15,000 domestic specimens, which are divided into the four groups: Cyanophyceae (24 genera), Chlorophyceae (34 genera), Phaeophyceae (18 genera), and Rhodophyceae (69 genera). In each group the specimens are arranged in the traditional taxonomic order following the system by Smith (1955). About 200 foreign specimens are deposited in another room. The high humidity is a serious problem for algal specimens in this herbarium because the museum is located near the seacoast of the Manila Bay and exposed to the sea breeze.

History: N.A.

Person to Contact: Noe B. Gapas

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Gregorio T.Velasquez Phycological Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: Marine Science Institute
College of Science
University of the Philippines
Quezon City

URL: N.A.

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Some 45,000 mounted and catalogued exiccatae materials are presently stored in the herbarium. These consist of representatives of six algal divisions: Cyanophyta with seven (7) genera and 17 species, Chlorophyta with 51 genera and 263 species, Phaeophyta with 61 genera and 207 species, Rhodophyta with 160 genera and 518 species, Xanthophyta with one (1) genus and 4 species and Chrysophyta with two (2) genera and 4 species.

These collections presently serve as the main reference collection in floristic and monographic studies. Monographic studies on the Philippine Sargassum and Gracilaria utilized the present collections. The revision of the genera Eucheuma and Kappaphycus was based partly on these collections.

At present a large number of the more recent collections are being prepared into exiccatae materials. Information on catalogued materials are stored in an electronic database for easy access and retrieval. About 10% of the collections are foreign acquired through exchange of materials and personal collections of the author.

History: The large collections of marine macrobenthic algae presently housed in the phycological herbarium was the result mainly of the efforts of Filipino phycologists. Major collections made during the 1950-1970 were contributed by the pioneering efforts of Professor Gregorio T. Velasquez and his students. From 1970 to the present major collections were contributed by Gavino C.Trono Jr. and his students.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Forestry Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: University of the Philippines Los Baņos

URL: http://www.ics.uplb.edu.ph/museum/forestry.html

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Augmenting the collections made by the staff and students are specimens from an herbarium exchange program with foreign herbaria. The present collection totals about 7,000 specimens consisting of 135 families, 645 genera and 1,106 species.

History: What used to be the herbarium of the Forest Investigation Division of the then Bureau of Forestry became the College of Forestry Herbarium in 1958, It is located at the Forest Biological Sciences building.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Botanical Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: University of the Philippines Los Baņos

URL: http://www.ics.uplb.edu.ph/museum/botanical.html

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Today, the herbarium boasts of a large collection of more than 60,000 specimens of higher and lower vascular plants, primarily of post World War II, as the pre-war holdings were destroyed during the war. It has a rare fern collection by the late Dr. Elmer Drew Merril.

History: The Botanical Herbarium is located within the Biological Sciences building. It was organized by Dr. E.B Copeland in 1909.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Mycological Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: University of the Philippines Los Baņos

URL: http://www.ics.uplb.edu.ph/museum/mycological.html

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: Located within the Biological Sciences building, it boasts of a collection of 25,000 fungal specimens by Dean C. F. Baker. Today the herbarium contains more than 10,000 specimens of about 50 orders and 709 genera.

History: The nucleus of this herbarium had its beginning with the founding of the Plant Pathology in 1917. Since the collections were destroyed during the World War II, the herbarium had to be rebuilt initially by Dr. G.O. Ocfemia, the first Filipino chairman of the Department of Plant Pathology.

Person to Contact: N.A.

Opening Hours: N.A.

Admission Fee: N.A


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SINGAPORE

Name of Herbarium: Herbarium of the National University of Singapore

Logo: N.A.

Address: National University of Singapore
10 Kent Ridge Crescent
S3 5th level
Singapore 119260

URL: http://rmbr.nus.edu.sg/sinu/index.html

E-mail Address: dbsbct@nus.edu.sg (Curator)

Collections: At present, the herbarium has about 18,000 flowering plant specimens, 200 fern specimens, 500 moss specimens and 30 marine algal specimens. The collections are mainly from Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. Important historical collections include the grass specimens studied by Gilliland and the moss specimens annotated by A. Johnson. In recent years, the herbarium has seen an increasing number of visiting professionals and graduate students who have come to use the collections in connection with florisitic investigation and thesis research.

History: The herbarium was originally established to be a depository of voucher plant specimens of botanical researches conducted by faculty staff at NUS. Today, it has grown to serve as a documentation of the rich plant resources in Southeast Asia. As a result of two on-going projects at present, The Angiosperm Flora of Singapore and The Taxonomy and Biogeography of Mosses of Singapore, the herbarium serves further to preserve the evidence of the surviving plant diversity of Singapore and adjacent areas.

Person to Contact: Associate Prof./Dr.Benito C.Tan (Curator)

Opening Hours: Access to the herbarium is by appointment made with Dr Benito C.Tan or Mr Chua Keng Soon, the curatorial assistant by email ot calling (65) 874-2926 during regular office hours.

Admission Fee: N.A


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Name of Herbarium: Singapore Botanic Gardens

Logo: N.A.

Address: Singapore Botanic Gardens
Cluny Road
Singapore 259569
Tel: (65) 1800-471-7300
Telefax: (65) 475-4295

URL: N.A.

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: The herbarium collection is at about 600,000. The living plant collection includes about 4,000 trees and several thousand shrubs, herbs and climbers.

History: Founded in 1859 by an Agri-Horticultural Society, the gardens were taken over by the government in 1874.

Person to Contact: Dr. Chua Sian Eng (Commissioner)

Opening Hours: Daily 5.00a.m - 12.00 midnight

Admission Fee: No admission charge.


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THAILAND

Name of Herbarium: Forest Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: Royal Forest Department
Phaholyothin Road
Bangkok 9
Thailand
Tel : 5791534/5791151-60 ext 283

URL: N.A.

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: The Forest Herbarium has 90 000 specimens divided into lichens, mosses, ferns, monocotyledons and dicotyledons.

History: The herbayrium was foundd in 1907 by the Royal Forest Department.

Person to Contact: Chamloong Phengklai (Director)

Opening Hours: Daily 8.30- 12.00, 13.00-16.30
Closed Saturday and Sunday

Admission Fee: No admission charge


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Name of Herbarium: Fungus Herbarium

Logo: N.A.

Address: Royal Forest Department
Phaholyothin Road
Bangkok 9
Thailand
Tel: 5791151 ext 282

URL: N.A.

E-mail Address: N.A.

Collections: The total holdings number about 5 000 macro fungi, mainly Basidiomycetes.

History: The herbarium was established by the Royal Forest Department in 1961.

Person to Contact: Dhanee Phanichapol (Director)

Opening Hours: Daily 8.30 - 16.30
Closed Saturday and Sunday

Admission Fee: No admission charge.


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Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, Block S6, Level 3, Faculty of Science
The National University of Singapore, Science Drive 2, Singapore 117600,
REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE
Tel: +65-6874-5082, Fax: +65-6774-8101